What is the IATA report?
IATA Report, the full name is Identification and classification report for air transport of goods. That is very important in magnet shipping. People can not ship magnets by air without it.
Ship neodymium magnets by air are not easy. Even though we ship hundreds of packages every year, but still, have some products that can’t be shipped by air, Like one piece big magnet. (In some cases, same size magent, 1 pcs can not pass the testing, and 2 pcs is ok. But that’s a magnetic field story )
As we know, big magnets field will interfere with the electronic equipment and navigation on planes, that is why many industrial magnets and magnetic assemblies cannot be shipped via air.
That is why people prefer to ship magnets by vehicle or by sea. Because magnets shipped via air will be easy to classify as Dangerous Goods if they have not been packed well to block their magnetism. Additionally, many carriers will not accept magnets for air shipments.
In fact, magnets ship by air, If we follow some guidelines that dictate how magnets are packaged well and make IATA reports from some labs.
What does the IATA report say about magnet shipping
IATA Packing Instruction 953 states magnetized material will be accepted only when:
Devices such as magnetrons and light meters have been packed so that the polarities of the individual units oppose one another
Permanent magnets, when possible, have keeper bars installed
The magnetic field strength at a distance of 4.6 m (15 ft) from any point on the surface of the assembled consignment:
Does not exceed 0.418 A/m (0.00525 gauss), or
Produces a magnetic compass deflection of 2 degrees or less
About how to pack the magnet, pls visit our post — how to pack the magnet well. But we would like to mention that a one-piece large magnet is hard to ship by air, two pieces have a small opportunity, but the shipping cost is high. So we suggest customers ship large magnets by sea.
What is the IATA report like?
There are some labs or inspection company offer IATA report services. If the parcels pass the inspection, they will issue reports like below, with “NOT RESTRICTED”. That means DHL, FedEx, UPS can pick up the parcels and ship them by air.
Do not pass, they will mark it “DANGEROUS GOODS”, which means we need to repack them and make an inspection again or choose another way to ship the parcels.